Governor Sam Brownback
State of the State address
January 15, 2015
Mr. Speaker, Madam President, Legislators, Elected Officials, Cabinet Members,
Justices of the Kansas Supreme Court, Leaders of Kansas sovereign Native
American Nations, Lt. Governor and his wife Ruth, the first lady of Kansas, my
wife Mary…My Fellow Kansans.
One person I want to recognize in particular is the new House Minority Leader,
Tom Burroughs. Tom, welcome to leadership.
Good evening and welcome back.
Before I begin the State of the State in earnest this evening, I want to pay tribute
to the men and women of our armed forces. The strength of Kansas is best
represented by those who risk their lives to protect us.
Major General Paul Funk from Fort Riley currently is leading the fight against
ISIS. So obviously he is not here with us tonight. Instead we are honored to
recognize all the brave Kansans who serve through the presence of Brigadier
General Eric Wesley and Command Sergeant Major Maurice Jackson of Fort
Please help me welcome and recognize them.
I am informed by the clerks that of the 165 current members of the Legislature,
about 100 of them are new to the body since 2010.
That is to say, many of you have never had the opportunity as Legislators to hear
a different Governor give a State of the State Speech.
And for that, I don’t apologize.
But, I will keep this speech as short and concise as I can.
Throughout my career in public service, I have been driven by the belief that
Government exists to serve the people. Those who lead, those who govern, must
do so with courage and compassion. In that way, those we serve can live in
freedom and dignity.
That belief continues to guide my actions today, as it did four years ago when I
gave my first State of the State message.
At that time, we gathered to address the challenges confronting our state.
Two of the biggest challenges were our economy and budget.
On that January night, four years ago, more than 100,000 Kansans were actively
looking for work and could not find it. Kansas ranked near the bottom among
US states in private sector job growth. Personal income growth was low and
poverty was headed up.
From 1999-2009, the number of Kansans in private sector employment had
actually dropped – actually dropped - while state general fund spending had
grown by more than a third.
In Fiscal Year 2010, for the first and only time in Kansas history, the State
General Fund ended the fiscal year in a negative status.
Our economic and fiscal course was clearly unsustainable. It was time for a
From this podium, I announced that the days of ever-expanding government
And we went to work.
We reformed state government to better serve Kansans by eliminating,
consolidating, or privatizing multiple state agencies and redundant functions
and reduced the public sector workforce by more than three thousand positions.
We embarked on a budgetary course that saw State General Fund expenditures
grow at a lower rate than throughout the terms of each of the previous nine
Governors, while continuing to support core government functions and serving
With bipartisan support, we overhauled our state’s economic development
strategy, established rural opportunity zones, and strengthened KPERS.
Four years later, I submit these facts for your review.
Kansas has created more than 59,000 new private sector jobs. Our
unemployment rate is tied for the tenth lowest in America and more Kansans
are working today than ever in the history of the state.
Personal income is rising, we are addressing the causes of poverty, and
welfare rolls have been cut in half.
Thanks to the efforts of our teachers and parents, Kansas students score among
the best in the country, record numbers of Kansans are enrolled in technical
education, and our institutions of higher education are global leaders in fields
from animal health to aeronautics to the universal fight against cancer.
Mr. Speaker, Madam President, it is for these reasons and more that I can report
to you tonight that Kansas is on the rise, and the State of our State is STRONG!
As we have always known in Kansas, great achievements require hard work. It
requires the courage to face our challenges head-on and find solutions that work
The goal of the Department for Children and Families is to be the agency of
opportunity, helping Kansans move from poverty to prosperity.
One of our great successes has been the number of people who have left
welfare and found work. We have seen more than a 50 percent decline in TANF
recipients in the last four years.
Instead of welfare, we want Kansans to enjoy the dignity of work and build a
better life for themselves and their families. This is to be celebrated.
Valerie Cahill is a single mother who was on public assistance. With the help of
our Employment and Training program, Valerie is now earning full-time wages in
the medical industry and is off welfare assistance.
Valerie and her son, Cortez, are here with us tonight. Valerie, will you and your
son please stand so we can congratulate you on the courage and perseverance
that has allowed you to build a better life for you and your son.
We will continue to move forward, helping people move from dependence on the
government to independence.
We will put forth programs that require more able-bodied welfare recipients to
apply for work or work training as a condition of receiving the welfare benefit.
One of the key ways out of poverty and despair is through work. That brings
hope and that brings a path forward.
To move forward, we need all of Kansas growing.
This includes our urban cores that in too many cases have seen their problems
multiply and their solutions divide.
In the first term, we implemented Rural Opportunity Zones. It has been a
success. 77 counties have embraced it with more than 2,000 applications
received – and more than a quarter of those are from out-of-state. People are
coming to Kansas for opportunity and growth.
It is time to take this same successful concept to our urban core.
I am proposing that we provide the same growth tools to high poverty areas in
Kansas City, Wichita and Topeka. The same requirements for local participation
will exist as well.
This will help more Kansans succeed and will draw more people to our state.
Now, even as we celebrate our successes, we must acknowledge that the most
recent data regarding state government revenue and expenditures present a
clear challenge that must be addressed.
For the past several weeks, we have been in consultation with government,
business and industry leaders regarding our shared fiscal concerns. They have
been generous with their time and frank with their advice.
Tomorrow I will present to the legislature a proposed two-year budget that is in
balance – with revenues exceeding expenditures each year.
And we will continue our march to zero income taxes.
Because the states with no income tax consistently grow faster than those with
high income taxes.
There may be some who consider this course too bold…well, I’m the sort of guy
who would have sent Alex Gordon from third base.
I propose this budget as a starting point to your deliberations. I understand and
appreciate that the “power of the purse” is yours and does not belong to any
other branch of government.
In my travels around Kansas I’ve found what I expect most of you have during
your visits with the people we serve.
Kansans are sensible, decent, compassionate, thoughtful people.
They prize liberty, celebrate achievement and recognize an obligation to their
They want government to focus on its core functions, to perform them well, to
provide quality services, good schools, good roads and low taxes.
Kansans understand the importance of living within our means and meeting our
Kansans know the importance of a promise whether to friends, family or a
business. And recognizing that promise, they pay their debts on time and in full.
The Kansas Constitution should reflect that as well.
I am proposing the Legislature pass a Constitutional Amendment and put it
before Kansas voters stating the debt of the state is a general obligation of the
state and we will pay it first.
This is good policy for our state.
Those who make state policy in the people’s name have to make the tough
choices. Those who refuse, don’t lead.
Everyone will be able to find things in the budget I put forth that they disagree
with. I hope as you review the budget, you put forth what you would do to make it
But as we go about this work, please bear two things in mind.
First, the family budget is more powerful than the government budget.
Second, a growing economy that is adding private sector jobs and increasing
personal income can fix a government budget.
A growing government budget cannot bring lasting prosperity to its citizens by
appropriating ever more of their earnings.
If we could spend our way to paradise, we would already be there.
40 Governors held office before the State General Fund Expenditures reached
$1 Billion for the first time.
The next 4 Governors saw that number hit $6 Billion.
That government spending growth was not reflective of the trajectory of our
population or of the economy. It was government getting too big too fast.
The era of ever expanding government is over, because it has to be.
The major drivers in state spending increases are what you think they are: K-12
education, public pensions and Medicaid.
Over the past several years, in addition to providing medical care in war zones
around the world, Lt Governor Colyer has led our efforts to improve services and
control costs in Medicaid.
The results have been good.
Waiting lists are down and services are up. Costs are growing, but at a slower
rate than before.
On pensions, we have enacted reform and succeeded in devoting considerably
more resources to what was a badly underfunded system.
In 2010, according to the Pew Center, Kansas had the second worst funded
pensions system among all the U.S. states.
Thanks to the reforms undertaken since, done with bipartisan support, our
rankings have improved and we are now middle-of-the-pack.
Understand though, that the unfunded liability in KPERS vastly exceeds any
issues with our year-to-year budget. It dwarfs every other item on the state
All of those truly interested in fiscal prudence should support putting our state
retirement system on a sound long-term footing.
Now, on the matter of K-12 spending.
A majority of the projected shortfall we face is due to increases in K-12 spending
since Fiscal Year 2014.
I want to repeat that.
A majority of the projected shortfall we face is due to increases in K-12 spending.
For decades now, Kansas has struggled under a school finance formula which is
designed not to be understood---to frustrate efforts at accountability and
efficiency. A formula designed to lock in automatic, massive increases in
spending unrelated to actual student populations or improved student
A formula which calculates that we have added more than 100,000 new
students to the public schools while the actual census has grown by a fraction
of that number ---an accounting scheme that claims cuts to per pupil spending
even as budget increases dramatically outpace increases in student population.
Not surprisingly, that formula has been under litigation in Kansas for the past 40
years. Just within the last few weeks, the latest ruling was issued in a suit filed
under the previous Administration.
In the words of that court ruling, “one cannot classify the school financing
structure as reliably constitutionally sound.”
Friends, it is time for a new school finance formula.
That formula should reflect real-world costs and put dollars in classrooms with
real students, not in bureaucracy and buildings and artificial gimmicks.
That formula should be about improving student achievement and school
accountability, not bureaucratic games.
My suggestion is simple, and I believe necessary---a timeout in the school
In this two-year budget, the Legislature should appropriate money directly to
school districts, so it can be spent where it is needed most, and that’s in the
At the same time, the Legislature should repeal the existing school finance
formula and allow itself sufficient time to write a new modern formula that meets
our needs for great 21st Century schools.
And as we go about that process, it should be accountable to local parents and
voters, because here the people rule.
Accountability. You have heard me say that we must be accountable with our
budget and education policy.
That accountability should extend to how our elected officials and judiciary are
Currently, most elected officials in Kansas are chosen in elections when the
fewest voters participate.
In general, Spring elections see a mere fraction of the voters who participate in
Fall elections…generally with about 10 percent of eligible voters coming to the
polls in the Spring.
Yet that’s when most of our elected officials are selected. That does not honor
our values of wanting higher voter participation.
It is time to move local elections to the Fall.
It also is time we change the way we pick our Supreme Court.
Recently, the Legislature introduced a greater element of public accountability to
judicial selection by reforming the process for selecting appellate judges in
It is time for similar reforms to apply to the Kansas Supreme Court.
Currently, we have the least democratic system in America to select Supreme
The Legislature should put before Kansas voters a proposed Constitutional
amendment for a more democratic selection process---one either based on the
federal model or providing for direct election of Supreme Court justices, as we
did for the first 100 years of our history.
With the Court involving itself in so many public policy issues, it is time the
selection process be more democratic.
Now we turn to a subject that will directly affect the future of every single Kansan.
And that is…. water.
In my first term I challenged my administration and the citizens of Kansas to
develop a long-term vision for the future of the water supply in our state.
And you answered that challenge. Now it is time for us to act.
Water is an intensely passionate issue where local situations vary enormously.
We have not yet accomplished a plan that ensures adequate water supplies
throughout our state for the next 50 years but this will happen before my second
term is concluded.
When I began my comments this evening, I told you that throughout my career, I
have been driven by a belief that we are here to serve others. It is a God-given
responsibility that we, as elected officials must accept and act upon.
We are at our best when we stir within ourselves our better angels. When our
hearts are tender to what God is tender to…the poor, the voiceless, the
We should see human life as sacred, and recognize its immeasurable worth in
every human condition.
Whether at the beginning of life, or the end of life, Kansas is the most pro-life
state in America. And we are not going back.
So let us be wise and loving in how we serve the people particularly those in the
greatest need at the time of their greatest need.
We need a budget that is adequate and not pernicious.
We need social policies that are wise and helpful, and which lead people from
dependence to independence.
We need strong, healthy marriages and families. As I said at the Inauguration,
big government can never be big enough to replace the family.
And we need vision to pass on to our children and their children to come. A
vision of Kansas that stands the test of time because it is built on truth.
So as we move forward in this legislative session, let us be wise and prudent and
act in the way that the Ancients told us to. That is that our actions should be “first
pure, then peaceable, gentle, open to reason, full of mercy and good fruits,
impartial and sincere.”
Thank you and may God grant us all grace, mercy and truth to carry out our