LISTEN LIVE KPR - On Air: Listen Live to classical, jazz and NPR news Schedule LATEST
KPR 2 - On Air: Listen live to KPR's all talk-radio service, KPR2 Recordings

Share this page              

Johnson County's Top Lawyer Sounded Concerns that Sheriff Was Trying to Interfere with Elections

Johnson County Sheriff Calvin Hayden has called his office’s months-long, taxpayer-funded probe into the 2020 and 2021 election results a “criminal investigation” and has rebuffed requests to produce records related to his office’s work on the matter. (Photo courtesy of the Shawnee Mission Post)


Johnson County Sheriff Calvin Hayden questioned county election officials at a private meeting earlier this month about why ballot drop boxes were available at public libraries in the 2020 election, and asked whether drop boxes would be eliminated in future elections.

At that meeting, held on July 5, a Hayden staffer also requested that sheriff’s deputies be present at the Johnson County Election Office when ballots were counted at upcoming elections.

And Hayden offered to have his staff drive in unmarked vehicles to pick up ballots from ballot drop boxes.

Those are among some of the requests Hayden made during the July 5 meeting with Johnson County Election Office, according to a memo written two days later by Peg Trent, Johnson County’s chief legal counsel.

“As we discussed, my concern is that these requests give the appearance that the Sheriff’s office is attempting to interfere with an election and to direct a duly authorized election official as to how an election will be conducted,” Trent wrote to Hayden after summarizing the July 5 meeting, in which Hayden challenged the integrity of Johnson County elections and requested the participation of law enforcement in election procedures.

The letter was obtained by KCUR through a Kansas Open Records Act request.

Trent’s memo surfaced as Hayden, a Republican, ramps up his rhetoric about a criminal investigation into unspecified claims of election fraud in Johnson County during the 2020 election. And it comes as other right-wing government officials and politicians continue their insistence, without evidence, that fraud delivered President Joe Biden his presidency over Donald Trump.

Since then, Republican-controlled states have passed legislation to limit voter access to polls despite the absence of persuasive evidence of wrongdoing in the 2020 elections.

Hayden last week paid a visit to a gathering in Las Vegas of the Constitutional Peace Officers Association, a group that believes sheriffs have more authority than anyone else at any level of government in their own counties. There, Hayden told the group that his investigation into election fraud continues, even though he has presented no evidence pointing to impropriety.

Johnson County Sheriff Calvin Hayden has called his office’s months-long, taxpayer-funded probe into the 2020 and 2021 election results a “criminal investigation” and has rebuffed requests to produce records related to his office’s work on the matter. (Photo courtesy of The Shawnee Mission Post)

Hayden noted that President Donald Trump failed to win Johnson County in 2020, according to a July 13 article in the Kansas City Star that described Hayden’s remarks during a panel in Las Vegas called “2000 Mules: Law Enforcement Has To Step In At This Point. Will Sheriffs Investigate?”

“So I didn’t know anything about elections. We’re cops,” Hayden said, according to The Star. “So we’ve been educating ourselves about elections. I’ve sent my detectives through, I’ve got a cyber guy, sent him through, to start evaluating what’s going on with the machines.”

Hayden, whose office did not respond to a request for comment about his election investigation or Trent’s characterization of the July 5 meeting, has cited the increase in voters registering as Democrats in Johnson County as a cause for his suspicion of the county’s elections, according to a Shawnee Mission Post article last week.

Since March 2011, voters registering as Democrats have increased 65%, while voters registering as Republicans have increased 10% over the same span. Libertarian registrations have increased 147%.

The Johnson County Sheriff’s Office justified its refusal to provide records sought by the Shawnee Mission Post about the sheriff’s probe into election matters by saying records involved an ongoing criminal investigation.

KCUR submitted its KORA request – which sought, among other things, any and all records pertaining to the July 5 meeting – to the Johnson County Election Office.

Through a spokesperson, Fred Sherman, the Johnson County Election Commissioner, and other county officials present for the meeting declined to comment for this story, except to say Trent's letter accurately recounted the July 5 meeting. Sherman has defended the propriety of elections under his supervision.

And Kansas Secretary of State Scott Schwab, a Republican, has said no evidence exists to support the notion that fraud affected the 2020 election results.

Present with Hayden at the July 5 meeting was Sherman, assistant Johnson County election commissioner Josh King and assistant county manager Joe Waters along with several deputies and staff from the sheriff’s office, according to Trent’s letter.

“As noted in our telephone conversation, the Sheriff’s office role in providing oversight of security for county buildings, including the election building, is different than oversight of election operational procedures,” Trent said.

Trent’s letter, which also recapped a telephone conversation she had with Hayden after the July 5 meeting, said it was her understanding that the meeting was called to “discuss security cameras on election ballot boxes.”

“During this meeting, you inquired of County staff about prior elections, challenged the integrity of elections in Johnson County, and requested that local law enforcement participate in the current election procedures,” Trent said.

Trent’s letter outlined specific questions and requests from Hayden:

  • Hayden questioned why ballot boxes were located at public libraries in 2020 against his staff’s recommendations and asked whether Sherman would eliminate drop boxes.
  • Hayden asked to limit the hours that ballot drop boxes were available.
  • Hayden said that all ballots by law must be printed in Kansaseven though election laws in Kansas carry no such requirement.
  • Hayden expressed his concern that the election office would not investigate or police a limit on the number of advanced ballots – 10 – that someone can drop off for other voters. 
  • Hayden offered to have his staff collect ballots at ballot drop boxes.
  • Hayden suggested that ballots should be counted at drop box sites.
  • Hayden offered to have his staff drive unmarked cars to pick up ballots from drop boxes.
  • One of Hayden’s staffers asked to have a sheriff deputy present in the county election office’s “E Room” while ballots were counted.
  • Hayden suggested that signature verification by election officials was not done in compliance with how his office conducts criminal investigations.

“You (Hayden) clarified that you were seeking information in preparation to prosecute certain election crimes that may occur,” Trent wrote. “I recognize your authority to investigate a report of a crime. We will continue to work with your office on any potential crimes we become aware of.”

Trent’s letter pointed out that state and federal laws govern elections, with Kansas law naming the Secretary of State as the chief election officer. In Kansas, sheriffs have authority to investigate election-related misconduct, such as disturbing the peace at polling locations, obstructing people as they approach voting locations and soliciting contributions within 250 feet of a polling place.

“The procedures and duties are set out and we cannot, and will not, permit a violation of duty or statute,” Trent wrote. “From our telephone conversation, you acknowledged that the roles and responsibilities ascribed to your elected office including prosecution of election crimes. The County, in turn, through the election commissioner, will attend to its assigned roles and responsibilities and will continue to execute fair and impartial elections for county citizens.”


Steve Vockrodt is the investigative editor for the Midwest Newsroom, a partnership between NPR and member stations to provide investigative journalism and in-depth reporting with a focus on Iowa, Kansas, Missouri and Nebraska. This story was shared by KCUR and the Kansas News Service

Tower Frequencies

91.5 FM KANU Lawrence, Topeka, Kansas City
96.1 FM K241AR Lawrence (KPR2)
89.7 FM KANH Emporia
99.5 FM K258BT Manhattan
97.9 FM K250AY Manhattan (KPR2)
91.3 FM  KANV Junction City, Olsburg
89.9 FM K210CR Atchison
90.3 FM KANQ Chanute

See the Coverage Map for more details

Contact Us

Kansas Public Radio
1120 West 11th Street
Lawrence, KS 66044
Download Map
785-864-4530 (Main Line)
888-577-5268 (Toll Free)